Comparative Demographics And Studies Of The Labor Market In The Rural Area Of The Region Of Gjirokastra

Albina Sinani

Abstract


Limitation of engagements in different jobs of active population in 2001 provoked a high level of unemployment up to 21.0%, 16.4% in rural area and 27.2% in urban ones, higher in number for females in city. Gjirokastra has a high level of hidden agrarian unemployment (20.9%), meanwhile Përmeti has the lowest level in the region (10.7% in villages). Commune of Frashër has the lowest level in whole country (22.7%), and in the region and city level with 0.7%. High level of agrarian unemployment has increased the level of poverty up to 56.3% in villages and 30.3% city, has decreased the trade balance of regional economy, with deformations in socio economic strata of population. According to the education level, are dominant unemployed people that have fulfilled only 8 year of obligatory education 58.3% and those with high level of education 35.6%, meanwhile those with a university degree consist in 4.3% of the total number.  Are dominant the unemployed people of group age 15-29 years old with 54.2% and 30-44 years old with 36.1%. During period of time 1999-2004, registered unemployed people who were looking for a job were decreased up to 54.1%, 37.7% for females, especially in Gjirokastra district with 61.7%. According to the registration of agricultural economic units, are noticed very big differences. The district of Gjirokastra has the biggest number of hidden agrarian unemployment (63.2%). Among 26 communes of Gjirokastra region the highest level of hidden agrarian unemployment it belong to communes of Pogon (74.6%), Dropull i Poshtëm (70.9%), Dropull i Sipërm (70.8%), Lunxhëri (69.6%), Odrie (66.5%) and Luftinjë (60.7 %). According to INSTAT, in the rural area during period of time 2001-2004 the index of population able to work is decreased with 6.7%,level of activity is increased with  23.0%,  level of employment is increased with 19.9%  and the level of unemployment is decreased with 0.8%, where positive figures belong to district of Tepelena. These differences depend on net migration of agrarian population, from the villages of mountainous areas toward the cities of the region and urban regions of our country and outside of it.


Keywords


Self Employment, Private Non Agricultural Sector, Labour Power, Hidden Agrarian Unemployment, Level Of Activity.

Full Text:

PDF

References


States archives of Republic of ALBANIA., and Arqile Bërxholi. Ristrukturimi Agrar Postkomunist në Shqipëri dhe Implikimet e Tregut të Punës. Raport Vlerësues-Studimor. Tiranë: Centre of Geographical Studies, 2005.

The Geographic Atlas of the Population of Albania. Tiranë: ILAR, 2008.

Dumani, Bukurie., and Areti Stringa. The Elements of the Demography (The Population and Development). Tiranë: Albin, 1997.

INSTAT. Population and Residences Registration 1989. Tiranë: INSTAT, 1991.

INSTAT. Population and Residences Registration 2001. People and Work. Tiranë: INSTAT, 2001.

INSTAT. The Migration in Albania. Tiranë: INSTAT, 2004.

INSTAT. Population and Residences Registration 2001. The Population of Albania. Gjirokastër 6, 2001. Tiranë: INSTAT, 2004.

INSTAT. Work Market 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004. Tiranë: INSTAT, 2001-2004.

Sheri, F. The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of the Demography. Tiranë: The Encyclopaedic Publishing, 1997.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/snsj.v3i0.283

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN 1804-9710

(c) 2017 Central Bohemia University