CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE AFTER 1912 IN ALBANIA

Aurora Ndreu

Abstract


After declaring its independence in 1912, the Albanian state was recognized as such by the great powers only in 1913, during the Peace Conference in London, where besides the important fact of the de jure recognition of Albania as a state in the international arena, it was territorially disintegrated, where more than half of its territories remain outside of the state borders. In the Organic Statute of Albania, Albania was formed as a constitutional pricipality and hereditary sovereign under the guarantee of six major international states. If the aforementioned Statute, Chapter VI defines the organization of local administration in Albania. We can see for the first time a juridical status of local government in Albania to the most important document of the time. Based on Article 95 of the Statute, Albania was divided into seven sanjaks (units), these were divided in Kaza, and these latter in Nahije. Remaining from the Ottoman conquest of how organized and label, Sanjaks were those of Shkodra, Elbasan, Dibra, Durres, Berat, Korca and Gjirokastra. Regarding the analysis of the organization of local government, as we shall see below, this model is a remnant of the Turkish invaders organization and does not bring any innovation regarding the organization in this period. Such a form of organization had itself the Turkish Empire, which brought in Albania together with the process of invasion for centuries.


Keywords


Albanian state, local governance, characteristics, units.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Organic Law of 26 November 1921 (1921), Central State Archives

Law of Civil Administration of the Republic of Albania (1927), Central State Archives

Law of Civil Code of 1928 (1928), Central State Archives

Law on Municipalities (1934) Official gazette of May 10, 1934, Central State Archives

Faniko Irvin (2014) Comparative Constitutional Law Story, Jozef Publications, Tirana




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/snsj.v10i1.729

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN 1804-9710

(c) 2017 Central Bohemia University