WORK RELATED VALUES AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT RELATIVE TO GENDER AND AGE

Agnieszka Leszczynska

Abstract


This article discusses issues related to organizational commitment and work related values. The research problem focuses on the correlation between values related to professional work and the affective, normative and calculative commitment of employees. A research question was posed as to what work related values are correlated with organisational commitment. The article presents the results of an empirical study conducted on a group of 2076 people with the use of a diagnostic survey. The obtained data were analysed relative to the gender and age of the respondents. The results indicate certain discrepancies in terms of the value hierarchies observable between employees of different ages. Both men and women selected work-life balance and security as their most important values. The level of commitment was comparable between representatives of the two genders, with the levels observed for normative commitment. Organisational commitment increased with age and was statistically different for the respective age groups. The study confirmed the correlation between the hierarchy of work related values and the level of commitment, as well as the discrepancies in this respect between the respective age and gender groups. The same suggests that there is a need to account for values held by the employees when developing and employing motivational systems and HR practices.

Keywords


values, commitment, organization

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1–18.

Barnes-Farrell, J. & Matthews, R. (2007). Age and work attitudes. In K. Shultz & G. Adams (Editors). Aging and work in the 21st century (pp. 139-162). Mahwah, NJ : LEA Laurence Erlbaum Associates.

Brief, A. P. (1998). Attitudes in and around organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cherrington, D.J. (1980). The work ethic: Working values and values that work. New York: Amacom.

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155–159.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.

Dose, J. (1997). Work values: An integrative framework and illustrative application to organizational socialization. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 219-240.

Dylag, A., Jaworek, M., Karwowski, W., Kozusznik, M., & Marek, T. Discrepancy between individual and organizational values: Occupational burnout and work engagement among white-collar workers. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 43 (3), 225-231.

Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., & Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 500-507.

Field, L. (2011). Johanna H. Buitendach. Happiness, work engagement and organisational commitment of support staff at a tertiary education institution in South Africa. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 37(1), 1-10.

Frieze,I.H., Olson, J.E., Murrell, A.J., & Selvan, M.S. (2006). Work Values and Their Effect on Work Behavior and Work Outcomes in Female and Male Managers. Sex Roles, 54(1), 83-93.

Haar, J.M., Russo, M., Suñe, A., & Ollier-Malaterre, A. (2014). Outcomes of work–life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: A study across seven cultures. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(3).

Herzog, A. R. (1982). High school seniors’ occupational plans and values: Trends in sex differences 1976 through 1980. Sociology of Education, 55, 1-13.

Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture's Consequences: National Differences in Thinking and Organizing. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.

Twenge, J.M., Hoffman, B.J., & Lance, C.E. (2010). Generational Differences in Work Values: Leisure and Extrinsic Values Increasing, Social and Intrinsic Values Decreasing. Journal of Management, 36(5), 1117-1142.

Huttges, A., Fay, D. (2015). The Gender-Differential Impact of Work Values on Prospects in Research Careers.

Journal of Career Development, 42(6), 524.

Johnson, M. K. (2002). Social origins, adolescent experiences, and work value trajectories during the transition to adulthood. Social Forces, 80, 1307-1341.

Judge, T. A., & Bretz, R. D., Jr. (1992). Effects of work values on job choice decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 261-271.

Krapić, N., & Barić, S. (2016). Osobne i organizacijske radne vrijednosti kao prediktori odanosti organizacji. Psihologijske teme, 25(3), 479-498.

Koh, Ch.W. (2016). Work-Value Profile and Career Success. University of South Florida, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

Lofquist, L. H., & Dawis, R. V. (1971). Values as second-order needs in the theory of work adjustment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 12, 12-19.

Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout: How organizations cause personal stress and what to do about it. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396.

Matic, J. (2008). Cultural differences in employee work values and their implications for management. Management, 13(2), 93-104.

Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(4), 538-551.

Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61-89.

Miller, M. J., Woehr, D. J., & Hudspeth, N. (2002). The meaning and measurement of work ethic: Construction and initial validation of a multidimensional inventory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60, 451-489.

Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., & Porter, L. W. (1979). The Measurement of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 224-247.

Nord, W. R., Brief, A. P., Atieh, J. M., & Doherty, E. M. (1988). Work values and the conduct of organizational behavior. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (pp. 1- 42). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Pinder, C. C. (1997). Work motivation in organizational behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Porter, L.W., & Lawler, E. E. (1968). Managerial attitudes and performance. Homewood, IL: Irwin.

Ravlin, E. C., & Meglino, B. M. (1987). Effect of values on perception and decision making: A study of alternative work values measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 666-673.

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. J. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 68-78.

Selvarajan, T.T., Slattery, J., & Stringer, D.Y. (2015). Relationship between gender and work related attitudes: a study of temporary agency employees. Journal of Business Research, 68(9), 1919-1927.

Singh, A., & Gupta, B. (2015). Job involvement, organizational commitment, professional commitment, and team commitment: A study of generational diversity. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 22(6), 1192-1211.

Verplanken, B. (2004). Value congruence and job satisfaction among nurses: a human relations perspective. Int J Nurs Stud., 41(6), 599-605.

Viljoen, J.P., & Rothmann, S. (2009). Occupational stress, ill health and organisational commitment of employees at a university of technology. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 35(1), 67-78.

Warshawski, S., Barnoy, S., Kagan, I. (2017). Professional, generational, and gender differences in perception of organisational values among Israeli physicians and nurses: Implications for retention. Journal of Interprofessional Care , 31(6), 696-704.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/cbup.v6.1172

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961

(c) 2018 CBU Research Institute s.r.o.

For more information on the conference visit cbuic.cz